Dernière actualité : Révision de la directive SMA : position du CSA [Lire la suite]
NEWSLETTER

NEWSLETTER
Droit à et sur l'image - Droit d'auteur - Diversité culturelle & Internet
SPECIAL BREXIT : le projet européen continue !
 Pour Juncker : « no notific[...]
 E.U : Démission du Commissa[...]
 BREXIT : what happens next [...]
 BREXIT : Joint statement fr[...]
 How Brexit might affect EU [...]
 BREXIT : UNE CHANCE ? ; Nic[...]
Attention, vous devez être connecté à internet pour voir correctement cette newsletter !
No negociation without notification
Pour Juncker : « no notification, no negociation », le projet européen continue

Le Président Juncker, en présence de la totalité du Collège des commissaires, y compris Lord Hill, s\\\'est adressé à une session plénière extraordinaire du Parlement européen consacrée au résultat du référendum britannique. Il demande au gouvernement du Royaume-Uni de clarifier le plus rapidement possible la situation. Il a également souligné qu\\\'il ne voudrait pas que s\\\'installe l\\\'idée qu\\\'il pourrait y avoir des négociations secrètes. Il n’y aura pas entre des représentants du Royaume-Uni, des gouvernements nationaux, des Commissaires, et des Directeurs Généraux de négociation préalables à l’activation de l’article 50 du TUE, par le gouvernement du RU.

No notification, no negotiation a-t-il dit.

Par ailleurs, le Président Juncker a indiqué que la Commission continuera sur la voie qu\\\'elle a entamé depuis novembre 2014.

source : MEX/16/2349


Next step
BREXIT : what happens next ?

Proceedings under Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union will have to be launched.
Following notification by the UK of its intention to leave, the European Council, meeting without the UK, would need to agree the guidelines for the negotiation by unanimity. The agreement would be negotiated following the rules on international agreements in Article 218(3) of the Treaty. This means that the Commission would submit recommendations to the Council, minus the UK, which would then adopt a decision authorising the opening of negotiations and nominating the Union negotiator or the head of the Union\\\'s negotiating team.
During negotiations under Article 50, European Union Treaties and law continue to apply to the UK.
The negotiated agreement would need to be adopted by a qualified majority of 72% of the remaining 27 Member States, representing 65% of the population. The final agreement would also need to be approved by the European Parliament, voting by a simple majority.
If no reached agreement is within 2 years of the UK activating Article 50, the UK would leave the EU without any new agreement being in place.


Brexit effects
How Brexit might affect EU audio-visual media services policy-making

Alison Harcourt, Professor at the University of Exeter and Senior Fellow on the ESRC programme UK in a Changing Europe

Extract

In her post “How Brexit might affect EU audio-visual media services policy-making”, Alison Harcourt, professor at the University of Exeter and Senior Fellow on the ESRC programme UK in a Changing Europe, examines the impact that Brexit might have on UK in the cross-border audio-visual services sector. If the UK were to withdraw from the EU, companies would still be able to broadcast to Europe from the UK under a European Economic Area or possible bi-lateral agreement under the World Trade Organisation framework. However, the UK would no longer have a vote on Single Market decision-making within the Council of Ministers and no representation in the European Parliament. It would cease to have formal representation in soft governance fora such as BEREC and ERGA. Future changes to EU communications policy could affect UK interests and UK-based stakeholders might change their preferences accordingly. Many in the industry have expressed concerns over Brexit. A survey conducted by Pact found that 85% of its members were in favour of the UK remaining in EU. Enders reports that the advertising market, which is a growth area for the UK, will suffer as “a post-Brexit recession will cause a hyper-cyclical decline in the advertising revenues of broadcasters and publishers”. (…)

AVMSD is expected to be revised within the next two years, before the UK officially would leave the EU if Brexit occurs, and might possibly be decided during the UK Presidency of the Council of the EU. (…)

This could potentially make the UK less attractive as a base for companies’ operation. Regarding derogation to the country of origin principle (COO) based on hate speech, this could be interpreted in many ways by Member States particularly in Central and Eastern Europe which have historically had stricter interpretations of hate speech than the UK. Regarding a change to the definition of COO in relation to editorial control, this could affect operators like MTG or AMC networks which take editorial decisions on programming in other Member States. For example, if the COO were redefined based upon editorial decision-making, licensing for MTG would be changed to Sweden and not the UK.(…)

Regarding derogation to the COO based on the protection of minors, this could affect UK operators that provide children’s channels to Nordic states. The Nordic states have long lobbied for an opt-out for jurisdiction over children’s programming on the grounds of the protection of minors. There are many UK operators that provide children’s programming, from the BBC to Disney and Discovery, whose channels might no longer be licensed in the UK. Another effect could be a loosening of advertising restrictions to channels being broadcast to the UK. The UK has concerns about looser advertising restrictions particularly in regard to protecting minors against the advertising of foods high in fat, salt and sugar (HFSS), alcohol advertising and watersheds for linear content (or parental controls for non-linear services). On other advertising issues, UK stakeholders are divided. Some want looser advertising restrictions on advertising techniques and electronic programme guides (EPGs) where the UK has prioritised public service broadcasters and people with disabilities. Others want tighter restrictions. There is also a mixed response to whether there should be access obligations for all delivery platforms.

The European Commission also queried whether it should apply a “dominance test” for content providers and distributors. Although this proposal has been framed in the context of media pluralism, ultimately this could potentially move competition decisions on media markets to the European level. What this could eventually mean is that the subsidiarity opt-out, long supported by the UK and which permits Member States to apply lowered thresholds and public-interest tests in national competition decisions on media mergers and acquisitions, could be lost. A potential change to competition law has potential implications for BBC provision of public service broadcasting under state aid rules. (….)


Démission
E.U : Démission du Commissaire européen chargé des services financiers

p align=justify>Lord Hill, commissaire chargé de la stabilité financière, des services financiers et de l’union des marchés des capitaux, a informé M. Jean-Claude Juncker, président de la Commission européenne, de sa décision de démissionner de son poste de commissaire européen. Cette démission prendra effet le 15 juillet.

Le président de la Commission a l’intention de transférer le portefeuille à Valdis Dombrovskis, vice président responsable de l’euro et du dialogue social, devrait reprendre le portefeuille de la stabilité financière, des services financiers et de l’union des marchés des capitaux, après consultation du Parlement européen, conformément à l’accord-cadre interinstitutionnel sur les relations entre le Parlement européen et la Commission européenne

En vertu des traités, la Commission doit se composer d’un ressortissant de chaque État membre. Le président Juncker est disposé à examiner rapidement avec le premier ministre britannique les noms des candidats potentiels pour le poste de commissaire ressortissant du Royaume-Uni ainsi que l’attribution d’un portefeuille envisageable. Du point de vue procédural, la désignation d’un nouveau commissaire ressortissant du Royaume-Uni requiert l’accord commun du président de la Commission et du Conseil des ministres, après consultation du Parlement européen (article 246, deuxième alinéa, du traité sur le fonctionnement de l’Union européenne).


Joint Statement
BREXIT : Joint statement from the Presidents of European Institutions

Joint statement by Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, Martin Schulz, President of the European Parliament, Mark Rutte, holder of the rotating Presidency of the Council of the EU, and Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, on the outcome of the United Kingdom referendum

President Tusk, President Schulz and Prime Minister Rutte met this morning in Brussels upon the invitation of European Commission President Juncker. They discussed the outcome of the United Kingdom referendum and made the following joint statement:

\\\"In a free and democratic process, the British people have expressed their wish to leave the European Union. We regret this decision but respect it.

This is an unprecedented situation but we are united in our response. We will stand strong and uphold the EU\\\'s core values of promoting peace and the well-being of its peoples. The Union of 27 Member States will continue. The Union is the framework of our common political future. We are bound together by history, geography and common interests and will develop our cooperation on this basis. Together we will address our common challenge to generate growth, increase prosperity and ensure a safe and secure environment for our citizens. The institutions will play their full role in this endeavour.

We now expect the United Kingdom government to give effect to this decision of the British people as soon as possible, however painful that process may be. Any delay would unnecessarily prolong uncertainty. We have rules to deal with this in an orderly way. Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union sets out the procedure to be followed if a Member State decides to leave the European Union. We stand ready to launch negotiations swiftly with the United Kingdom regarding the terms and conditions of its withdrawal from the European Union. Until this process of negotiations is over, the United Kingdom remains a member of the European Union, with all the rights and obligations that derive from this. According to the Treaties which the United Kingdom has ratified, EU law continues to apply to the full to and in the United Kingdom until it is no longer a Member.

As agreed, the “New Settlement for the United Kingdom within the European Union”, reached at the European Council on 18-19 February 2016, will now not take effect and ceases to exist. There will be no renegotiation.

As regards the United Kingdom, we hope to have it as a close partner of the European Union also in the future. We expect the United Kingdom to formulate its proposals in this respect. Any agreement, which will be concluded with the United Kingdom as a third country, will have to reflect the interests of both sides and be balanced in terms of rights and obligations.”


Bexit : A chance ?
BREXIT : UNE CHANCE ? ; Nicole Fontaine et les étudiants de l’ESCP-EUROPE

Des étudiants d\\\'ESCP-Europe et l\\\'ancienne Présidente du Parlement Européen, Nicole Fontaine, ont travaillé étroitement pour écrire le livre \\\"Brexit: une chance?\\\". Eux voient plutôt dans cet événement une formidable opportunité, pour lancer une initiative visant à renforcer la construction européenne autour d’un noyau de pays motivés pour plus d’intégration. Autour de cet \\\"appel du 24 juin\\\", Nicole Fontaine propose dans le livre une analyse sans concession de l\\\'actuelle impasse, tout en y ajoutant la fraîcheur des idées des élèves de l’ESCP-EUROPE

Leur ambition : susciter autant que possible le débat dans ce sens de renforcement, et obtenir un acte politique de la part des gouvernements européens. Cette idée s\\\'inscrit dans la continuité de l\\\'engagement fort que doit être celui de ESCP-Europe dans la société et le monde.

Un livre choc, loin des banalités lénifiantes sur l\\\'Europe. Suscité par le Brexit, il va bien au-delà du référendum du 23 juin 2016. Car l\\\'Europe est malade. Malade de son impuissance et de sa médiocrité, face aux nouveaux défis qui l\\\'assaillent. Malade de la lente désaffection des peuples qu\\\'elle a négligés. Malade de son ambiguïté sur la finalité du projet européen.

Trois regards croisés, positifs, mais sans concession. Comment a-t-on pu en arriver là ? Celui de Nicole Fontaine, qui a présidé le Parlement européen et a suivi ce que fut son parcours exaltant pendant près d\\\'un quart de siècle. Celui de François Poulet-Mathis, journaliste de radio-télévision, dont toute la carrière d\\\'observateur s\\\'est faite auprès des institutions européennes. Celui d\\\'étudiants de la plus ancienne école de commerce du monde à vocation internationale, qui seront demain des acteurs économiques de haut niveau.

Sans un sursaut, l\\\'Europe est aujourd\\\'hui menacée d\\\'une dislocation qui la réduirait à un simple espace-marché. Elle doit être repensée. Des voies sont ouvertes, et il n\\\'est pas trop tard.

Nicole FONTAINE Ancienne présidente du Parlement européen, ancien ministre déléguée à l\\\'Industrie, avocate (Barreau des Hauts-de-Seine), professeur affilié à ESCP Europe. François POULET-MATHIS Journaliste français de télévision, diplômé de l\\\'école Supérieure de Journalisme de Lille, membre fondateur de l\\\'Association des Journalistes Parlementaires Européens
Brexit: une chance?\\\" est disponible sur Amazon : http://amzn.to/1Ufglup Préface de Frank Bournois, Dean d\\\'ESCP-Europe


Mentions légales | Réalisation site : Opium Bleu